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social impact of data mining

The use of this data has become ubiquitous among researchers, marketers, and the government. The authors discuss the promises of these technologies in agriculture and potential benefits to business, government, world health and food safety monitoring organizations in order to increase safety and service, and reduce costs of such products. Protecting privacy when surfing the Internet is an ongoing challenge to end users and system administrators. 7. The classification of Web pages using machine learning techniques is the focus of chapter 8. These ground breaking technologies are bringing major changes in the way people perceive these inter-related processes: the collection of data, archiving and mining it, the creation of information nuggets, and potential threats posed to individual liberty and privacy. Currently, scores of data mining applications technologies exist in marketing products, analyzing election results, identification of potential terrorist acts, and prevention of such threats; uses of data mining in agricultural, in health care, and in education among many others. Different techniques are used to classify Web pages using the most efficient algorithms by search engines to provide accurate results to the user. The results are often used for targeted marketing campaigns for specific market segments. Start Your Free Data Science Course . To remedy these privacy concerns, platforms have policies in place that regulate what information third party companies can access and how they may use that information.9  Furthermore, third-party companies that use social data often have their own policies about how they will use it. Retail Industry 3. Then, the researchers randomly sampled geotagged tweets falling within those zones (meaning the tweeter was at a station). The researchers used a tool called the Twitter Streaming Application Programming Interface (API). This also helps in near real-time issue solving and curb the odds of the brand image getting tarnished. In many cases submissions were sent back for several revisions prior to final acceptance. However, this doesn’t end with the advertising of products and services. The following paragraphs provide a brief synopsis on the chapters covered. Chapter 9 covers issues related to U.S. Federal data mining programs. Cultural differences among Western and non-western societies may have impacts on the attitudes of information privacy. Social media mining is “the process of representing, analyzing, and extracting actionable patterns from social media data.”3 In simpler terms, social media mining occurs when a company or organization collects data about social media users and analyzes it in an effort to draw conclusions about the populations of these users. They should also consider the societal impact of their investments by possibly seeking assets that can deliver on clear social goals, with the aim of balancing their overall portfolio performance. May 12, 2017. It is the main venue for a wide range of researchers and readers from computer science, network science, social sciences, mathematical sciences, medical and biological sciences, financial, management and political sciences. For instance, a music-related ad on a rotating digital billboard at night on the weekends in North Greenwich station would probably be more successful than an ad for a sports team. The next chapter explores the legal rights and privacy in the United States as related to data mining in contemporary society. Building ethical data mining usage is a framework argued in chapter 3 by sketching three models of game theory: pure conflict, pure collaboration, and a mixed motive cooperation game. It is my sincere hope that this publication and its vast amount of information and research will assist researchers, teachers, students, and practitioners in enhancing their understanding of the social implications of data mining usage and information privacy and the frameworks and solutions applied. Newly Disclosed Documents on the Five Eyes Alliance and What They Tell Us about Intelligence-Sharing Agreements, New Disclosures Reflect NSLs’ Substantive First Amendment Flaws, The Constitution Leaves No Room for Secret Law, Consumer Information (ABA Required Disclosures), Social Media Mining: The Effects of Big Data In the Age of Social Media. From urban information perspective, emerging trends on information networked individualism via the Internet is the topic of chapter 5. Web pages are classified on content or imbedded contextual information. Here is the list of areas where data mining is widely used − 1. Regulation of the use of social media data is important to protect freedom of expression among users of social media. Telecommunication Industry 4. Based upon a customer’s requirements of privacy and an enterprise requirement to establish markets and sell goods and services there is a value exchange relationship. Various privacy problems are addressed in the public debate and the technology discourse. This edited book, the Implication of Data Mining and Information Privacy: Frameworks and Solutions, brings a collections of chapters that analyze topics related to competing goals: the need to collect data and information for disparate operational objectives, and the necessity to preserve the integrity of the collected data to protect privacy. Data mining is the process of taking a large amount of data and analyzing it from a variety of angles and putting into a format that makes it useful information to help a business improve operations, reduce costs, boost revenue, and make better business decisions. Something didn’t work… Report bugs here. Cadwalladr & Graham-Harrison, supra note 2. Aggregated data provides useful information for marketing goods and services to a segment of population. The social impacts of large-scale mining projects are controversial and complex. Covid 19: Impact and Response on Mining industries of India - The COVID-19 pandemic has had an immediate impact on the global economy, and that impact goes across all sectors, including mining. Modern times require modern solutions to ancient problems. Data mining on social security and social welfare data Neethu Joseph,Aswathy Wilson. Other Scientific Applications 6. Using variables like user training, security culture, policy relevance, and policy enforcement, a theoretical model was tested to see the influence of these variables on security effectiveness. This was recently highlighted in the controversy surrounding Facebook and Cambridge Analytica, in which the latter collected information and data on the former’s users.2 This data was used in an effort to influence the 2016 presidential election by catering to individuals’ personal biases. Through public records lawsuits, RCFP’s Local Legal Initiative seeks to improve Pennsylvania’s Right to Know Law, Oakland County police departments to launch transparency websites, NFOIC's latest research explores transparency in state and local economic development incentives. Author. Regulation of the use of social media data is important to protect freedom of expression among users of social media. Chapter 1 covers whether information ethics, and by inference, information privacy is culturally relative. The topic in chapter 7 introduces a method for privacy preserving clustering, called Dimensionality Reduction-Based Transformation (DRBT). Hadoop, Data Science, Statistics & others. Possibilities of their quality identification are discussed. The investment once required to seek consumer complaints and grievances will also come down. Receive Free Worldwide Shipping on Orders over US$ 295, Social Implications of Data Mining and Information Privacy: Interdisciplinary Frameworks and Solutions, InfoSci-Computer Science and Information Technology, InfoSci-Education Knowledge Solutions – Books, InfoSci-Social Sciences Knowledge Solutions – Books, InfoSci-Computer Science and IT Knowledge Solutions – Books, Data mining for automated building of teams, Feature selection for web page classification, Information privacy and security for e-CRM, Information security effectiveness theory, Legal frameworks for data mining and privacy, Machine learning techniques for Web page classification. A major form of data mining is profiling. It is an interdisciplinary field encompassing techniques from computer science, data mining, machine learning, social network analysis, network science, sociology, ethnography, statistics, optimization, and mathematics. If users feel that their usage of social media can be used freely by third-party corporations, they will likely feel guarded in … We provide a comprehensive suite of management consulting tools to strengthen the performance of global development organizations. Mining projects may create jobs, roads, schools, and increase the demands of goods and services in remote and impoverished areas, but the benefits and costs may be unevenly shared. Social media mining has profound legal and ethical implications, many of which are still developing. This book is intended to be of use to researchers in information science and technology and to decision makers. This may allow some officials to adopt corrupt practices, and some miners to dodge responsibilities. • We compare results with indicators frameworks used in different contexts (SDG, GRI, EU policy, Social LCA). MICHAEL LEWIS, MONEYBALL: THE ART OF WINNING AN UNFAIR GAME (2004) (recounting the Oakland Athletics general manager Billy Beane’s use of data and statistics to recruit unconventional baseball players and land the underdog team a spot in the playoffs). Typically, the communities correspond to groups of nodes, where nodes within the same community (or clusters) tend to be highly similar sharing common features, while on the other hand, … It posits the position between moral absolutism and relativism that is based on intercultural understanding and mutual criticism that could be helpful in overcoming differences and misunderstandings between cultures in their approach to information and information technologies. Chapter 4 covers a model of an integration of spheres of customer privacy, security, and their implementations. Is the Coronavirus Catalyzing New Civic Collaborations for Open Government? 3, 2018), 3. Privacy considerations are at the center of the debate on this tool. Samsung b2710 manual pdf High school election speeches example Casio amw 702 manual Acer aspire 3000 notebook manual Download reok sbcl rar Each London Underground station was carefully outlined on a map of London. Since the advent of social media, the mining of the data we voluntarily offer to these sites has become prevalent. data mining can contribute toward our health and well-being. Both qualitative and quantitative data was used to analyze the survey response using structural equation modeling. They then used algorithms to sift through the tweets, compile them, and boil them down to a general topic and sentiment. All feedback is valuable. By Scarlet Kim, Diana Lee, Asaf Lubin, Paulina Perlin. The digital age is characterised increasingly by the collective. THE assessment of the social impacts of mining projects will be given a higher priority following the exhibition of draft social impact assessment guidelines. Information can be collected either overtly or covertly and the protection and the integrity of the information is an going problem that is baffling technological solution due to the open architecture design of the world wide web. If users feel that their usage of social media can be used freely by third-party corporations, they will likely feel guarded in their future use of these platforms or will cease using them all together. This has raised serious questions about the influence this practice had on both the 2016 election of Donald Trump and the 2016 Brexit vote in the UK. Significant advances in telecommunications and GPS sensors technology are enabling the users of these technologies to track down objects and individuals with remarkable precision. A few highlights include: The ability to predict which peer-reviewed articles will be highly cited within the first 3 days of article publication based on Twitter activity. Carefully selected chapters in this edition include: Information Ethics, Information Privacy on the Web, Models for Data Mining Metaphors, Information Privacy in Customer Relations Management, Electronic Networking in Urban Neighborhoods, Theory of Information Security Empirical Validation, Electronic Collaboration and Privacy Preservation, Machine Learning for Web Classification and Privacy, U.S. Federal Government and Data Mining Applications in Home Land Security Agency, Legal Framework for Data Mining and Privacy, Data Mining and Trajectory Applications, Data Mining in Agriculture, Data Mining Principles and Building Teams for Project Management. Homeland Security Agency. Chapter 12 covers comprehensively the feature selections techniques used by researchers. Some industry players in mining will be more affected than others by the new set of challenges facing the industry. It challenges the accepted view that providing technology application support only, is not adequate to meet the location and proximity requirements in urban neighborhoods information seeking perspectives.. Additionally, machine learning classifiers can be trained to preserve privacy from unauthenticated users. However, studies like the one found in the Journal of Advertising are just the tip of the iceberg. The author argues that there must be concepts and principles of information ethics that are universally valid. Mineral development can create wealth, but it can also cause considerable disruption. The guidelines have been developed to improve the quality and utility of social impact assessments, which in turn will drive better project design and provide greater certainty to local communities and proponents. Upon the receipt of full entry submissions, each submission was forwarded to at least three expert external reviewers on a double-blind, peer review basis. It reduces the costs of the loyalty programs and results in increased financial stability of the company. almost everything emits data as the use of IoT is increasing and data mining is the process of extracting useful information from this raw data to predict the unknown patterns. The assessment of the social impacts of mining projects will be strengthened following the exhibition of draft social impact assessment guidelines. 4. The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to: The objective of the book is to provide the most comprehensive, in-depth, and recent coverage of information science and technology in data mining and information privacy disciplines. The uneasiness on the use of these technologies arise from the fact that data are collected for different purposes, say, credit card charges for purchases of goods and services, the information provided for the transactional purposes are massaged and analyzed for unrelated uses that deviate from the original purposes. Social Network Analysis and Mining (SNAM) is a multidisciplinary journal serving researchers and practitioners in academia and industry. The information generated by tapping into the minds of many is driving decisions in both the public and private sector; research is becoming social. The objective of the book is to provide the most comprehensive, in-depth, and recent coverage of information science and technology in data mining and information privacy disciplines. Ministerial Media Release . Keywords: Social Network, Social Network Analysis, Data Mining Techniques 1. Big data from social media platforms have yielded some significant research insights in recent years. Gathering, storing, and applying this data raises a spectrum of concerns, from social and ethical implications, to technical hurdles. All proposals were carefully reviewed by the editor in light of their suitability, researcher’s records of similar work in the area of the proposed topics, and the best proposal for topics with multiple proposals. The following discussion summarizes those environmental and social issues that formed the basis for the Mining and Critical Ecosystems framework. Furthermore, the authors share views regarding the current state and future trend in trajectory data privacy. Several pharmaceutical companies use data mining software to analyse data when developing drugs and to find associations between patients, drugs, and outcomes. For example, the study found that 15.7% of tweets about fast-food restaurants were about promotions the chains were offering5  and that 66.7% of tweets about Comcast contained a negative sentiment.6. Chapter 11 reviews state of the art work on trajectory data privacy. Only submissions with strong and favorable reviews were chosen as entries for this encyclopedia. Data mining lowers the chances of immature business decisions by the constant flux of social data. Social media mining faces … The specific Underground station, the time of the tweet, and the content of the tweet were all extracted. To Support Customers in Easily and Affordably Obtaining the Latest Peer-Reviewed Research, Reviving Businesses with New Organizational Change Management Strategies, Digital Transformation, Industry Use Cases, and the Impact of Disruptive Technologies, IoT-Based Big Data Analytics for Smart and Sustainable Manufacturing, Formal and Adaptive Methods for Automation of Parallel Programs Construction, Deep Learning Applications and Intelligent Decision Making in Engineering, Copyright © 1988-2020, IGI Global - All Rights Reserved, Additionally, Enjoy an Additional 5% Pre-Publication Discount on all Forthcoming Reference Books. Overview of mining and its impacts. As useful as these technologies are, without strict safeguards on privacy it becomes problematic in the hands of malevolent users. For example, nearly 35% of tweets from the Holloway Road station were about sports, and almost 40% of tweets posted between 6 PM and midnight on weekends at the North Greenwich station were about music.8 The authors of the study recommended using this data to create targeted DOOH advertising. This chapter introduces the basics of data mining, reviews social media, discusses how to mine social media data, and highlights some illustrative examples with an emphasis on social networking sites and blogs. The n-dimensional Euclidean space, the model used most for data, is defined; it notes that the treatment of higher dimensional random variables and related data is problematic. 9. Date. IGI Global's titles are printed at Print-On-Demand (POD) facilities around the world and your order will be shipped from the nearest facility to you. The views expressed on this blog belong to the author(s) and do not represent the views of Yale Law School or the Media Freedom and Information Access Clinic (MFIA). Cambridge Analytica mined over fifty million Facebook profiles.11 This data was not used to market products to Facebook users, but instead to market political ideologies. Social Implications of Data Mining and Information Privacy: Interdisciplinary Frameworks and Solutions serves as a critical source of information related to emerging issues and solutions in data mining and the influence of political and socioeconomic factors. Data mining is the extraction of readily unavailable information from data by sifting regularities and patterns. The researchers continued this practice for one year, seemingly unbeknownst to the Twitter-using patrons of the London Underground, collecting over 10.5 million tweets. That party then has access to all your personal information and can do with it whatever they please. “Big data” has become a buzzword in nearly every modern-day industry. Chapter 14 highlights a case study involving research into the science of building teams. The aggregation of data can provide privacy whereas micro targeting mining does not. Environmental and social impacts are divided into waste management issues, impacts to biodiversity and habitat, indirect impacts, and poverty alleviation and wealth distribution. The authors argue that in the context of 9/11, intelligence gathering within and outside U.S. is one of the primary strategies of the U.S. The Hon. Social media mining is the process of representing, analyzing, and extracting meaningful patterns from data in social media, resulting from social interactions. JP Kloppers 2017-05-12. Furthermore, it explores a higher factor version of the model that provided an overall fit and general applicability across various demographics of the collected data. To achieve their goal, the researchers used the same Twitter Streaming API described in the previous study; however, this time they utilized Twitter’s geotagging function (a capability that allows Twitter users to “tag” their location when they post a tweet). What is Data Mining and How Can it Positively Impact the Bottom Line . Data Mining Techniques for Social Media Graph Mining Graphs (or networks) constitute a dominant data structure and appear essentially in all forms of information. As data mining is one of the most rapidly changing disciplines with new technologies and concepts continually under development, academicians, researchers, and professionals of the discipline need access to the most current information about the concepts, issues, trends, and technologies in this emerging field. However, upon learning of the breach, Facebook failed to take significant legal action, leading to the current scandal. Furthermore, which forms of privacy policy are adequate and the ramifications involved are covered. The accessed data can be mined to predict user authentication and hide personal details to preserve privacy. Since topological concepts are less well known than statistical concepts, many examples of metrics are given. Evidence was found supporting the hypothesized model in chapter 6. Information sharing from data mining applications is controversial and protected by privacy regulations and ethical concerns. The pages can contain irrelevant information that may reduce performance of the Web classifiers. In facing the realities of these events, we are forced to consider whether anything we post on social media can ever actually be private—and how the law needs to evolve to meet these concerns. Regulatory bodies have not adapted to the moral norms and models used in data mining technology. Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation (Indian council of Forestry Research and Education, Dehradun) A Council of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, New Delhi. Social media and big data have combined to create a novel field of study called social media mining, which is similar to data mining, but confined to the world of Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and the like. 08.12.2016 Type. The warehousing and data mining of data serve the public interest by improving service, reducing costs, and ultimately satisfying customers. 236 (2017). 1 0 4k 0. It covers the legal frameworks of data mining and privacy which historically lags to technological developments. Social impacts of the mining sector can be assessed using different indicators sets. Mining can yield a range of benefits to societies, but it may also cause conflict, not least in relation to above-ground … In this case, the researchers used the Twitter handles of each company (“@CompanyName”) as keywords to pull about ten million tweets about each of the twenty companies studied over a six-month period in 2015. Mining activities, including prospecting, exploration, construction, operation, maintenance, expansion, abandonment, decommissioning and repurposing of a mine can impact social and environmental systems in a range of positive and negative, and direct and indirect ways. ADVANCING DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS Using quantitative and qualitative methods, we measure the impact of global development programs.

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